Black pepper vines develop three types of aerial shoots, namely:
(a) Primary stem with long internodes, with adventitious roots which cling to the standards
(b) Runner shoots which originate from the base of the vine and have long internodes which strike roots at each node and
(c) Fruit bearing lateral branches.
Cuttings are raised mainly from runner shoots, though terminal shoots can also be used. Cuttings from lateral branches are seldom used since they develop a bushy habit. However, rooted lateral branches are useful for raising bush pepper.